Brain Tumor Types

Types of Brain Tumors

There are more than 120 different types of brain and CNS tumors. The tumors included in our directory reflect the statistically most common primary brain and CNS tumors according to data collected by the Central Brain Tumor Registry of the United States (CBTRUS).

Germ Cell Tumor

As the name implies, these tumors arise from various “germ cells” found in the brain. They can be either benign or malignant. Germ cell tumors include the germinoma, the teratoma, the

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Ependymoma

Ependymomas arise from the ependymal cells that line the ventricles of the brain and the center of the spinal cord. They are soft, grayish, or red tumors which may contain cysts

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Cysts

Brain cysts located in the brain are not truly “brain tumors” because they do not arise from the brain tissue itself. Although they tend to be (benign noncancerous), they are

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Craniopharyngioma

A craniopharyngioma is a benign (noncancerous) tumor arising from small nests of cells near the pituitary stalk. Crangiopharyngiomas are localized tumors and become large before they are diagnosed. How malignant they

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Choroid Plexus

These tumors arise from brain tissue called the “choroid plexus.” They commonly invade nearby tissue and spread widely via the cerebrospinal fluid. Like other brain tumors, choroid plexus tumors are

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Chondrosarcoma

Chondroma is a rare, benign tumor that tends to arise at the base of the skull, especially in the area near the pituitary gland. These tumors are generally very slow-growing

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Astrocytoma

Astrocytomas are tumors that arise from astrocytes—star-shaped cells that make up the “glue-like” or supportive tissue of the brain. These tumors are “graded” on a scale from I to IV

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